Suitable for vegetarians and vegans
Obtained through natural fermentation
Description: Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system.
Vitamin B12 contributes to the normal function of the immune system.
Vitamin B12 has a role in the process of cell division.
Vitamin B12 contributes to normal red blood cell formation.
Vitamin B12 contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue.
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that contributes to healthy nervous and immune system function, to healthy red blood cell production, to the cell division process, and helps to reduce tiredness and fatigue (1).
Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause different symptoms: megaloblastic anaemia*, neurological symptoms (disorientation, loss of memory, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, difficulty walking and dementia), and gastrointestinal systems such as loss of appetite and constipation (2). This deficiency is very frequent in vegetarians (3), since vitamin B12 is found in foods of animal origin such as shellfish, meat, fish and, to a lesser extent, in eggs and dairy products (4). It is advisable that people who consume a vegetarian or vegan diet take a vitamin B12 supplement in order to meet their daily vitamin B12 needs.
There are different forms of vitamin B12 such as cyanocobalamin and methylcobalamin. Cyanocobalamin is the form that has been most closely studied as a supplement. It is also the most stable form and the one that best resists light, temperature and pH variations (5).
Our vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) is obtained through fermentation and is suitable for vegetarians and vegans. Each capsule provides 1000 micrograms of this vitamin (40000% NRVs**).
*Megaloblastic anaemia: disease that appears in middle age, where there is a gradual decline in the number of red blood cells, also with an increase in their size.
*NRVs: Nutrient Reference Values.
1. COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 432/2012 of 16 May 2012 establishing a list of permitted health claims made on foods, other than those referring to the reduction of disease risk and to children’s development and health.
3. Woo et al. (2014) Vegan diet, subnormal vitamin B-12 status and cardiovascular health. Nutrientes 6(8): 3259-73.
5. Jägerstad and Arkbage (2003) Cobalamins. Properties and determination, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), pages 1419-1427.
Ingredients: Vitamin B12 Consulting batch information
1 capsule contains: 1000 μg of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), from biotech (obtained by natural fermentation) (40000% NRVs*).
*NRVs: Nutrient Reference Values.
Maltodextrin, vegetable-based capsule: hydroxypropyl methylcellulose.
This product does not contain allergens (in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011) nor genetically modified organisms.
Use: Vitamin B12 Consulting batch information
1 capsule per day with half a glass of water, at mealtime.
Not recommended for pregnant or lactating women. Do not exceed the recommended daily dose.
Does not replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle. If you are undergoing medical treatment, seek your therapist’s advice. For adult use only. Keep out of reach of young children.
Store in a cool dry place away from sunlight.
Quality: Vitamin B12 Consulting batch information
FABRICATION AND GUARANTEE:
This food supplement is manufactured by a GMP-compliant laboratory (GMPs are the good manufacturing practice guidelines for the European pharmaceutical industry).
Their active principle content is guaranteed through regular tests, which can be viewed online.