What are the products derived from bees?
- Honey: Honey has been widely studied for its antibacterial activity due to its content of sugars and organic acids: its acidic pH and high osmolarity (it has a high concentration of sugars) prevent the survival and development of bacteria. With this property, honey is notable for the antioxidant activity of its carotenoids, flavonoids and phenolic compounds.
- Royal jelly: Royal jelly provides 8 essential amino acids (such as proline, lysine, arginine and glutamic acids), lipids (such as 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid, or 10-HDA), minerals (such as sodium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron and zinc), B vitamins and royalisin, a 51 amino acid peptide characteristic of jelly.
- Pollen: Bee pollen is rich in secondary metabolites (flavonoids, phenolic acids, phytosterols and carotenoids), vitamins (tocopherol, niacin, thiamine, biotin and folic acid), minerals (sodium, potassium, magnesium, iron ...) , in enzymes and coenzymes, it has a powerful antioxidant effect and antibacterial, immunostimulant, anti-inflammatory, antianemic, cardio-, hepato- and neuroprotective properties.
What are the benefits of honey for humans?
- One of the most entrenched traditional uses of honey in our society is its use on the throat and coughs (it softens irritated mucous membranes).
- A report from the World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that hot tea with honey and lemon helps relieve sore throats and coughs thanks to its calming effect: honey increases the production of saliva and the swallowing, interfering with the cough reflex. Additionally, honey can cover the peripheral sensory receptors that initiate coughing.